NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology JPL HOME EARTH SOLAR SYSTEM STARS & GALAXIES SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY BRING THE UNIVERSE TO YOU JPL Email News RSS Podcast Video
Follow this link to skip to the main content

EDUCATION

Dawn Classrooms > Interactions of Energy and Matter: Dawn Instrumentation

Electromagnetic spectrum

Dawn Instrumentation

Learners will explore the ways that Dawn Mission scientists, engineers, and technologists "in the real world" will use instrumentation that detect the interactions between different frequencies/wavelengths of the EMR and matter to make scientific measurements and analyze data specifically to,

  1. determine the presence and abundance of elements and mineral content on Vesta's and Ceres' surfaces;
  2. map the global topography of Vesta's and Ceres' surfaces;
  3. map Vesta's and Ceres' shape, volume, mass concentration and mass distribution.

What will we "see" when we get to Vesta and Ceres?

This standards-aligned module is organized around a learning cycle and engages students in a number of experiences in order for the teacher to activate studentsí prior knowledge, and assess student conceptual understanding in order to inform instruction.

Scientific notation, units, and their conversions are sometimes hard to compare. This Wavelength Conversion Factors chart compares units, using scientific notation, across the Electromagnetic Spectrum. Use it as a reference to aid in understanding the different bands of energy as you or your students work through the activities in this module.

Activity sheets should be saved for students to use in the assessment activity.

Briefing
Dawn Spacecraft icon

CSI: Dawn
In this activity, a crime was committed on the sandy shore of a lake at a local park. Your students will act as members of a crime scene investigation team that has taken a soil sample while investigating what is thought to be the scene of a crime.

Teacher Guide (PDF)
PowerPoint (PPT)
Crime Scene Investigation Student Activity (PDF)
Briefing CSI Data Sheet # 1 (PDF)  |  Briefing CSI Data Sheet # 2 (PDF)
Police Photo Log (PDF)

Exploration

Instrumentation Exploration
Exploration is designed to help your students understand more about how the each of the instruments (FC, GRaND, VIR) aboard the Dawn Spacecraft operate and what they will help us "see" when the spacecraft reaches Ceres and Vesta.

Framing camera
Gamma Ray and Neutron Detector (GRaND)
Visible and Infrared Spectrometer
Development
Pen and notebook

Gravity Measurement
Students use simulated data of changes in a spacecraft's velocities as it orbits a Vesta-like asteroid to map regions of high and low mass concentrations.

Teacher Guide (PDF)
Student Activity (PDF)
Student Text (PDF)
PowerPoint (PDF)

Interaction Synthesis
Graphical representation of a Xenom atom moving through an Ion Propulsion Engine

Mineral Identification
Students are guided through an analytical process similar to the one the Dawn scientists will use determine the mineral content of the surfaces of Vesta and Ceres from the experimental data collected by the instrument payload onboard the Dawn spacecraft.

Teacher Guide (PDF)
Student Activity (PDF)
Mineral Standards (PDF)
Instrument Data (PDF)

Assessment
Ion Propulsion Engine

Concept Maps
This activity is designed to assess your students' understanding of the matter and energy interactions and relationships related to data collection by the Dawn spacecraft instrument payload.

Teacher Guide (PDF)
Constucting Concept Maps Teacher Guide (Practice) (PDF)
Student Activity (PDF)
List A: Instrumentation (PDF)
List B: Origins (PDF)
List C: Science and Tech (PDF)


Developed by Educators at McREL

Primary Author
Dr. Donna Bogner, McREL

Contributors/Reviewers
Britney Schmidt, University of Texas at Austin
John Ristvey, McREL
Sharon Unkart, McREL
Joe Wise, New Roads School, Center for Effective Learning  

Layout/Graphics
Judy Counley, McREL
Mary Cullen, McREL
Nicole Hess, McREL